The scholastic title of Geshe is awarded to pupils successfully completing the entire course in the study of The Five Major Treatises spanning 19 years. The title of Geshe is equivalent to MPhil (Master of Philosophy)
From the Geshe graduating pool, a very few merited pupils are selected for contending the title of Lharam Geshe, which involves 6 years of further studies - revision & indepth study of The Five Major Treatises. There are six annual exams conducted by Gelukpa University, and upon successfully completing all the six examinations the title of Lharam Geshe is awarded by Gelukpa University - which is the central monastic university of all monasteries affiliated to Gelukpa tradition.
The title of Lharam Geshe is equivalent to PhD (Doctroate of Philosophy)